The Relationship Between University Students' Covid-19 Knowledge, Attitude and Health Behaviors and Anxiety Levels and Other Effective Factors
Keywords:COVID-19 bilgi, COVID-19 tutum, sağlıklı beslenme tutumu, fiziksel aktivite, anksiyete, üniversite öğrencisi.
The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between university students' knowledge, attitudes and health behaviors towards physical activity and nutrition about COVID-19 and their anxiety levels and other effective factors. Cross-sectional study; It was conducted with 1074 students studying at a state university in Turkey in the spring semester of 2020-2021. As a data collection tool; Socio-demographic information questionnaire, COVID-19 information form, general attitude and behavior form towards COVID-19, Healthy Eating Attitude Scale (SBIAS), Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors (HLB) “physical activity” sub-dimension and DAS-42 Scale “anxiety” ” sub-dimension is used. Research data were evaluated with SPSS 26.0 package program. Number, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t test, anova test (LSD and Bonferroni test) and correlation analysis were used to evaluate the data. Statistical significance level was accepted as p<.05. Students; 57.23±20.39 from the total of SBITS; they scored 16.14±6.64 for physical activity and 8.52±10.30 for anxiety. It has been determined that the level of knowledge of the students about COVID-19 is above average, and almost 89% of them have a positive attitude towards COVID-19. Healthy life behaviors of students; they reported low daily water consumption rates, less than half of them had a high attitude towards nutrition, their physical activity levels were below medium, and more than half of them reported anxiety symptoms. It was determined that anxiety was not associated with attitudes towards healthy eating and physical activity, but there was a weak positive relationship between attitudes towards healthy eating and physical activity. Suggestions were made in line with the results.
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