Taxus Species: From Medical Use to Landscape Architecture



Taxus sp., Fitokimya, Peyzaj


Turkey is located in the temperate zone and has vegetation rich in biodiversity compared to many neighboring countries. More than 12,000 plant taxa grow naturally in Turkey, and the number of plant species is close to the number of plant species in Europe. It is one of the important countries in the world with approximately 3,649 endemic taxa and an endemism rate of more than 30%. Yew trees (Taxus sp.) are evergreen trees and ornamental plants widely used for landscaping in North America, Europe and other parts of the world. However, all parts of the plant except the fleshy parts of the bright red fruits are poisonous. Taxol is the active compound isolated from the bark of the Pacific yew tree by bioactivity-directed studies of its active extract and has strong anticancer activities3. In this study, biological and biochemical studies of Taxus species and their use in landscaping were evaluated.


Ambasta S (1994). The useful plants of India. Publications and Information Directorate. CSIR.

Andersen KB (2009). Future perspectives of the role of taxines derived from the yew (Taxus baccata) in research and therapy. Journal of Pre-Clinical and Clinical Research 3: 1-4.

Asif M, Rizwani GH, Zahid H, Khan Z, Qasim R (2016). Pharmacognostic studies on Taxus baccata L.: a brilliant source of Anti-cancer agents. Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 29: 105-109.

Barnes E (2021). Taxus–The perfect native plant. From the garden. Retrieved 31 March 2023 from

Bjurhager I, Gamstedt EK, Keunecke D, Niemz P, Berglund LA (2013). Mechanical performance of yew (Taxus baccata L.) from a longbow perspective. Holzforschung 67: 763-770.

Cheng Q, Oritani T, Horiguchi T, Yamada T, Mong Y (2000). Synthesis and biological evaluation of novel 9-functional heterocyclic coupled 7-deoxy-9-Dihydropaclitaxel analogue. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 10: 517-521.



How to Cite

Eruygur, N., & Özçalık, M. (2024). Taxus Species: From Medical Use to Landscape Architecture. ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, 8(1). Retrieved from