Triband Microstrip Rectangular Patch Antenna for Bluetooth/WiFi Applications


  • Hilal Kurt Izmir Katip Celebi University
  • Adnan Kaya Izmir Katip Celebi University



Microstrip Patch Antennas, IEEE 802.11ac/b/g, 2.4 GHz, Bluetooth, Wi-Fi


In recent years, according to the requirements of wireless applications, multiband and low profile patch antennas are desired. In this study, a simple rectangular patch triband microstrip antenna is developed to use for Bluetooth/WiFi applications. The antenna is in the form of rectangular slots with different lengths loaded on the rectangular patch with reduced ground size. FR-4 substrate with 1.6 mm thickness is used as substrate material and annealed copper is used as ground and patch materials. The designed antenna is simulated using CST MWS software program. Microstrip line feeding technique with discrete port is used to feed the antenna. According to the results, S11 parameters of three resonant frequencies can be given as  -15.08 dB, -11.88 dB and -24.03 dB at 2.39 GHz, 3.07 GHz and 4.92 GHz respectively. Gain values of the resonance frequencies can be given as follows, 2.25 dBi, 3.76 dBi and 1.92 dBi at 2.39 GHz, 3.07 GHz and 4.92 GHz respectively. Proposed antenna bandwidth can be given as, 197.5 MHz (2.29 GHz – 2.49 GHz) at 2.39 GHz, 116.1 MHz (3.01 GHz – 3.13 GHz) at 3.07 GHz and 266.2 MHz (4.79 GHz – 5.06 GHz) at 4.92 GHz, respectively. Since the designed antenna can work at 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz frequency bands with 2.24 dBi and 2.34 dBi, respectively, IEEE 802.11ac/b/g standards are supported by the antenna. So the proposed antenna can be used for Bluetooth and 2.4 GHz/5GHz WiFi applications.


Adegoke O. M. and Eltoum, I. 2014. Analysis and design of rectangular microstrip patch antenna at 2.4 GHz WLAN applications, International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), 3(8).

Aravindraj E. and Ayyappan, K. 2017 .Design of slotted H-shaped patch antenna for 2.4 GHz WLAN applications, 2017 International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics (ICCCI), pp. 1-5.

Armagan, O. and Kahriman, M. 2016. Triple-Band patch antenna design working in 2.45 GHz, 3.7 GHz and 5.8 GHz frequencies, Mühendislik Bilimleri ve Tasarım Dergisi, 4(3):189.

Basaran S. 2021. Compact dual-band split-ring antenna for 2.4/5.2 GHz WLAN applications, Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, 20(3): 347-352.

Bayer Keskin, S. 2019. 2.4 GHz Geniş bant mikroşerit anten tasarımı, Kırklareli University Mühendislik ve Fen Bilimleri Dergisi. 5(1): 1-14.

Geetharamani G. and Aathmanesan, T. 2019. Design and development of novel patch antenna for 2.4 GHz WLAN applications, ICTACT Journal on Communication Technology, 10(1): 1943-1946.

Goran P. and Nugraha E. 2020. Asymmetric-slit method on WiFi antenna with 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz frequency, International Journal of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering (IJITEE), 4(2):53.

Gupta V. and Gupta, N. 2006. Two compact microstrip patch antennas for 2.4 GHz band – A Comparison, Microwave Review, 12(2): 29-31.

I. Ataş, T. Abbasov and M. B. Kurt. 2020. Gain enhancement and miniaturization of dual-band compact patch antenna, European Journal of Technique (EJT), 10(2): 232-241.

Kayabasi, A., Tekbas, M and Güngörer, B. 2019. Design and fabrication of rectangular microstrip antenna with different dimensions and feeding methods operating at 2.4 GHz resonant frequency, KMU Mühendislik ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi, 1:47-55.

Kocer M., Aydemir, M. E. 2020. Microstrip patch antenna design for military satellite communication, Avrupa Bilim ve Teknoloji Dergisi, pp. 142-147.

Mabaso M. and Kumar P., 2018. A dual band patch antenna for Bluetooth and wireless local area networks applications, International Journal of Microwave and Optical Technology, 13(5):393-400.

Markina A., Tumakov D. and Pleshchinskii, N. 2018. Designing the symmetrical eight-tooth-shaped microstrip antenna for WiFi applications, in IEEE East-West Design & Test Symposium (EWDTS), pp. 1-5.

Montero-de-Paz, J. et al. 2013. Compact modules for wireless communication systems in the E-band (71-76 GHz), Journal of Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves, 34(3): 251-266.

Murmu S. and Misra, I. 2011. Design of V-shaped microstrip patch antenna at 2.4 GHz, Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 53(4): 806-811.

Palandoken, M. et al. 2012. Compact metamaterial-based bias tee design for 1.55 µm waveguide-photodiode based 71-76 GHz wireless transmitter. Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium, PIERS.

Palandoken, M. and Ucar, M. 2014. Compact metamaterial-inspired band-pass filter. Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, 56(12): 2903-2097.

Palandoken, M. and Sondas A. 2014. Compact Metamaterial Based Bandstop Filter, Microwave Journal, 57(10):76-84.

Rezvani M. and Zehforoosh, Y, 2017. Design of multiband microstrip antenna for wireless communications and ITU applications, National Academy Science Letters, 40(5): 331-334.

Rymanov, V. et al. 2012. Integrated photonic 71-76 GHz transmitter module employing high linearity double mushroom-type 1.55 µm waveguide photodiodes. IEEE International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics, IEEE, p. 253-256.

Uqaili R., Uqaili J., Zahra S., Soomro F. B. and Akbar A. 2020. A study on dual band microstrip rectangular patch antenna for Wi-Fi, Proceeding of Engineering and Technology Innovation, 16: 01-12.



How to Cite

Kurt, H., & Kaya, A. (2022). Triband Microstrip Rectangular Patch Antenna for Bluetooth/WiFi Applications. ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL, 6(1), 58-62.