ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL http://icontechjournal.com/index.php/iij <p>ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL is open access, peer-reviewed, international indexed and refereed journal published by IEDSR ASSOCIATION. Its main objective is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. It aims to promote scientific studies in science and technology and become the leading journal in the relevant field. </p> Icontech Scientific Studies Society en-US ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL 2717-7270 Microbiological, chemical and sensory analyzes of produced probiotic yoghurts added clove and propolis http://icontechjournal.com/index.php/iij/article/view/60 <h3>Clove (<em>Syzygium aromaticum</em>) is an aromatic bud has antioxidant, antifungal, antiviral, antimicrobial, antidiabetic, anti-inflammatory, anti-thrombotic, anesthetic, analgesic and insect repellent effects. Propolis is a sticky resinous material with same properties like clove. Therefore, the aim of this study was to produce probiotic yoghurts added propolis (0.03%) and clove in different concentrations (0.1%, 0.3% and 1.0%). Five different probiotic yoghurts were produced, and analyzed for their microbiological, chemical and sensory properties. Microbiological analyzes of probiotic yoghurts were carried out according to IDF and ISO standards. Their chemical and sensory analysis were performed according to Turkish Standards Data were analyzed by SPSS. Propolis showed antibacterial effect except <em>S. thermophilus</em> while clove improve the development of bacteria especially Bifidobacterium. The titratable acidity of all groups was increased while their pH value was decreased. Propolis showed antibacterial effect except <em>S. thermophilus</em> while clove improved the development of bacteria especially Bifidobacterium. Clove and propolis together changed the microbiological, chemical and sensory properties of probiotic yoghurts while probiotic yoghurt with propolis got the lowest score according to sensory properties.</h3> AYŞE GÜNEŞ BAYIR Mehmet Gültekin Bilgin Sümeyra Seyma Kutlu Dilber Demirci Fatma Nur Gölgeci Copyright (c) 2020 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-15 2020-09-15 4 2 1 14 10.46291/ICONTECHvol4iss2pp1-14 K-NEAREST NEIGHBOUR CLASSIFIER USAGE FOR PERMISSION BASED MALWARE DETECTION IN ANDROID http://icontechjournal.com/index.php/iij/article/view/63 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Android application platform is making rapid progress in these days. This development has made it the target of malicious application developers. This situation provides a numerical increase in malware apps, diversity in techniques, and rise of damage. Therefore, it is very critical to detect these software and escalation the security of mobile users. Static and dynamic analysis, behaviour scrutiny, machine learning methods are used to ensure security. In this study, K-nearest Neighbourhood (KNN) classifier, one of the machine learning methods, is used. Thus, it is aimed to detect malignant mobile software successfully and quickly. The tests is conducted with dataset includes 492 malware and 697 benign applications. In the proposed algorithm, neighbour number 5 and distance metric is preferred as Minkowski. 80% of dataset randomly selected is reserved for training and 20% for testing. As a result, while 94.1% accuracy is achieved, precision 91.2%, recall 92.7% recall and f1-measure is 92.4%. The high value obtained in f1-measure shows that the proposed model is successful in detecting both malware and benevolent software. The success of using KNN algorithm in classification of malicious apps in the Android has been demonstrated.</p> Recep Sinan ARSLAN Ahmet Haşim Yurttakal Copyright (c) 2020 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 4 2 15 27 10.46291/ICONTECHvol4iss2pp15-27 Implementation of a Virus with Treatment and Protection Methods http://icontechjournal.com/index.php/iij/article/view/69 <p>Currently, viruses are the most dangerous things that happens to computers, whether by transferring data or from the Internet cloud. This research paper shows how to implement a virus that has an ability to move and fortify itself from deletion or destroying. A strong virus must have automatic multiplication, automatic transmission between devices, copying itself in important locations on the computer and performing unauthorized actions and instructions in the computer. So in this research paper it will also shows how to get rid of such viruses and ways to prevent them or providing a good security for the users.</p> Renas Rajab Asaad Copyright (c) 2020 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 4 2 28 34 10.46291/ICONTECHvol4iss2pp28-34 ERGONOMIC CONDITIONS ASSESSMENT OF A BUS FACTORY http://icontechjournal.com/index.php/iij/article/view/73 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Eventhough the production technology and capacity have been improved, manpower is indispensable. Coach production industry is one of the heavy industries. Production processes are mostly manpower in addition to automation and mechanization in these factories. Ergonomics is the one of the most important subject to increase the production efficiency and job security in heavy industry factories which use manpower heavily. Ergonomics is the field which aims to reduce the accidents and job related illnesses, anatomic problems in human body, psychological and physiological fatigue and minimize the workforce loss. Ergonomic statement evaluation is possible with providing ergonomic criteria such as anthrometric, environmental condition, and work place.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify;"><span style="line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">In this study, some experimental studies are done in order to evaluate the ergonomical conditions in chassis frame production, cataphoresis, paint shop, assembly, and quality inspection processes. The experimental studies include static and dynamic anthrometric measurements on a choosen process and experimental subject workers. The environmental conditions namely, temperature, humudity, lightening, air quality, and noise level are periodicly meausured with proper measuring devices and these data are recorded. The results are used to make an inference with comparing literature. Furthermore, inconvenient results are studied in order to determine the relation with work accidents, work related illnesses and total efficiency parameters in the factory. This study is considered to be a guidance for the effects of ergonomical conditions on workplace safety and health, work accidents and occurences, and production efficiency.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Koray AL Copyright (c) 2020 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 4 2 35 47 10.46291/ICONTECHvol4iss2pp35-47 DIFFERENT NITROGEN DOSES AND WATER LEVELS IN HARRAN PLAIN CONDITIONS EFFECTS OF SOME ION QUANTITIES IN COTTON (GOSSYPIUM HIRSUTUM L.) http://icontechjournal.com/index.php/iij/article/view/84 <p>This study aims to examine the nitrogen-water relations of the cotton (<em>Gossypium hirsutum</em> L.) plant, the changes in irrigation and nitrogen doses in the amount of ions (Na<sup>+</sup>, K<sup>+</sup>, Ca<sup>++</sup> and Cl<sup>-</sup>) that occur as a result of drought stress.Depending on the application were examined in terms of how the amount of ions to be affected drought stress tolerance.As a result of the examination, the amount of Potassium, (K<sup>+</sup>) and Sodium (Na<sup>+</sup>) was found higher than the control, while there was no significant change in the amount of Calcium (Ca<sup>++</sup>) and Chlorine (Cl<sup>-</sup>) compared to the control.The increased potassium is accepted as an important indicator.As a result of evaluation, the farmer while application basis, the study suggests suitable N20-I75 and N20-I100-nitrogen of a first water dose or selecting a value between the two doses and fruit period before at least 2 times 10 days apart. However, the nitrogen nutritional status of the plant should be determined before the application of urea, and the dosage and number of applications should be made accordingly.</p> Mahmut Doğan Copyright (c) 2020 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 4 2 48 68 10.46291/ICONTECHvol4iss2pp48-68 INVESTIGATION OF CHLOROPHYLL PIGMENT CONCENTRATION AND SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE OF THE LAKE VAN http://icontechjournal.com/index.php/iij/article/view/85 <p>Current study is investigated chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) pigment concentration and its relationship with Sea Surface Temperature (SST) using cloud-free high resolution 59 Landsat-The Operational Land Imager (OLI) images from May 2013 to September 2018 covering Lake Van of Turkey. In addition, the concentrations of coccolithophore which is a kind of phytoplankton was also studied using the same method.</p> <p>The fact that Van Lake is extremely rich in terms of aquatic life has led to the investigation of the factors affecting the marine habitat. Therefore, SST, Chl-a concentrations, as well as the relationship between them and coccolithophore concentrations were investigated to evaluate marine life and ecosystem in the Lake. Satellite-generated data can provide information about the marine life in a particular area worldwide. Coccolithophore, SST and Chl-a were obtained from high resolution 59 Landsat OLI using SeaDAS software. Aforementioned parameters were extracted from images using SeaDAS's OCSSW L2GEN module and then output processed by QGIS (Open Source Geographic Information System) to conduct statistical calculation. Negative correlation coefficients of 74% and 73.7% were found for 2014 and 2017, respectively, and these were not statistically significant. Although the information does not give meaningful results, it may be useful in future studies about the effects of global temperature changes and the marine life for particular region.</p> Mehmet Tahir Kavak Copyright (c) 2020 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 4 2 69 84 10.46291/ICONTECHvol4iss2pp69-84 Çekme Düzensizliği Bulunan Betonarme Binaların Geçiş Kat Döşemelerinin Modellenmesi http://icontechjournal.com/index.php/iij/article/view/99 <p>Slabs are horizontal carrier system elements that transfer the earthquake loads acting on the floors to the vertical carrier and enable these elements to work together.&nbsp; Slabs with high in-plane rigidity compared to vertical carriers are modeled as rigid diaphragms.&nbsp; The rigid diaphragm provides a suitable solution for reinforced concrete buildings with regular carrier system.&nbsp;However, rigid diaphragm acceptance should be carefully examined for the transition floor slabs in buildings with setback irregularity&nbsp;and with basement floors surrounded by shear&nbsp;wall from normal floors. Turkey Earthquake Building Code the rigidity changes suddenly&nbsp; transition floor slabs the necessity of modeling with finite elements and sufficient rigidity ownership means that calculates shown is indicated. Therefore, in the study, the applicability of the rigid diaphragm model was investigated by examining the differences between the rigid diaphragm model and the finite element model on the reinforced concrete building models with setback irregularity. For this purpose, slabs&nbsp;on models were modeled in two different ways, namely the rigid diaphragm model and the finite element model, and analyzed using the mode superposition method. The models have been examined by taking into account modal contribution, the horizontal displacement change and changes in stress distributions&nbsp;in the transitional floor. As a result of analyzes, it has been observed that the finite element model gives higher values for the systems examined compared to the rigid diaphragm model, but the difference is between the acceptable limits. Therefore, considering the advantage of the analysis period, it was concluded that the rigid diaphragm acceptance would be suitable for the systems under consideration by taking sufficient slab thickness.</p> Nurbanu DEMİRBAŞ Copyright (c) 2020 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 4 2 85 96 10.46291/ICONTECHvol4iss2pp85-96 Prevalence Of Autısm Spectrum Dısorders In Chıldren 18-36 Months http://icontechjournal.com/index.php/iij/article/view/76 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><strong>Objective:</strong> The aim of the study is to screen the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) of children between the ages of 18 and 36 months in the county of Van, İpekyolu, and examine the results in terms of some variables.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods:</strong> It is a cross-sectional study. The sample of the study consisted of 521 children between the ages of 18-36 months, who were brought to the family health centers in the central İpekyolu district of Van between 01.04.2019-30-04.2019, who agreed to participate in the study, for vaccination and child surveillance. Modified Early Childhood Autism Screening Scale (M-CHAT) assessment test was used to screen children for ASD.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The average age of the children participating in the study is 26.61 ± 5.91 months. The average age of the mothers is 26.45 ± 3.39 and the average age of the fathers is 29.79 ± 3.24 years. The high risk of autism in boys was 9.1%, and this rate was 7.6% in girls. As the level of mother education increases, the frequency of the child being found to be at high risk for ASD decreases as a result of the test. The high risk of autism is 11.2% in cesarean delivery and 6.0% in normal delivery. High risk of autism was found higher in children born by cesarean section. While the high risk of autism is highest in the second (56.8%) children, it is the lowest in the third and fourth children (11.4%). The frequency of being found to be at high risk for autism has increased in those whose monthly income is above the minimum wage. There was no significant difference between gender, father education level, number of siblings, mother and father health status and M-CHAT results. According to the psychiatric examination, only 6 cases of 44 children who were found to be M-CHAT positive were diagnosed with autism. In children diagnosed with autism, the male / female ratio was found to be 5/1. As a result of the study, the prevalence of general autism was found 11.5 per thousand.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> When the data obtained in the study were evaluated, it was found that the incidence of ASD was higher than other studies in our country. For the early diagnosis of ASD, the detection of risky children with screening tests is important for the prognosis of the disease. Screening tests for children for the early diagnosis of ASD is important for the prognosis of the disease. It is necessary to identify children at risk of autism early and to support their development with early intervention programs, programs related to the subject and more comprehensive screening.</p> İzzet Çeleğen Copyright (c) 2020 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-09-16 2020-09-16 4 2 97 107 10.46291/ICONTECHvol4iss2pp97-107