ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL 2024-01-05T22:38:56+03:00 Nurlan AKHMETOV Open Journal Systems <p>ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL is open access, peer-reviewed, international indexed and refereed journal published by IEDSR ASSOCIATION. Its main objective is to provide an intellectual platform for the international scholars. It aims to promote scientific studies in science and technology and become the leading journal in the relevant field. </p> A Study to Measure University Students' Attitudes Towards Permaculture 2023-11-22T12:49:19+03:00 Mahİre Özçalık <p>Permaculture sustainability consists of a set of worldviews and methodologies that enable sustainable development through the perception of permaculture concepts and application of its methods. It advocates perceiving nature, imitating natural designs and sharing cultural values. In this study, permaculture awareness of students studying in the landscape architecture department of a university in the Central Anatolia region was examined according to their permaculture course taking status and a general evaluation was made about the effectiveness of permeculture education. This study is important to raise awareness among university students about environmental knowledge, to understand the extent of the danger of environmental pollution and to take precautions against the danger. Descriptive scanning model was used as the scanning model and the survey was conducted by reaching the entire population. The data of the research were obtained using the previously developed attitude scale towards permaculture. In the study, an answer was sought to the question of what precautions should be taken to increase the permaculture awareness of university students in order to take precautions against environmental threats.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Evolution Of Occupational Health and Safety: Historical Process In World Countries And Application Methods In Mining 2023-12-07T13:11:34+03:00 Gökhan Külekçi <p>This article provides a comparative analysis of the historical evolution of occupational health and safety (OHS) and its application methods in different countries worldwide. With a focus on understanding the evolution of OHS and evaluating its effectiveness, this study compares OHS standards, legal regulations, and application methods across various countries.</p> <p>Particularly, in high-risk sectors such as the mining industry, the article emphasizes differences in the effectiveness of OHS standards and implementation methods. The comparative analysis aims to determine which countries have more effective OHS practices and extract lessons from their experiences.</p> <p>By identifying similarities and differences in OHS practices globally, this analysis will help understand contributing factors to successful OHS strategies and areas that require improvement. The comparative analysis serves as a crucial foundation for evaluating the global evolution of OHS and enhancing future OHS practices.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Covid-19 Pandemisinin Akılcı İlaç Kullanımına Etkisi (Batman ili örnegi) 2023-12-27T15:35:45+03:00 Süreyya Yiğitalp Rencber Nilğün Ulutaşdemir <p>Bu çalışmanın amacı, Akılcı olmayan ilaç kullanımı ile ilgili COVID-19 pandemisinden korunmak için ilaçların yanlış şekilde kullanılması, gereksiz antibiyotik tüketimi, gereğinden fazla ilaç reçete edilmesi beraberinde vitamin ilaçlarının kullanımının artması dolayısıyla bireylerinakılcı ilaç kullanımı konusunda bilgi ve tutum durumunu araştırmak amacıyla yapılmıştır. Veriler, literatür taraması ile oluşturulan google anket formu aracılığı ile toplanmıştır. Anket iki bölümden oluşmaktadır. İlk bölümde katılımcıların demografik verilerine yönelik sorular bulunmaktadır. İkinci bölümde ise bireylerin akılcı ilaç kullanımına ölçegi kullanılarak katılımcıların bilği düzeylerini belirlemeye yönelik çoktan seçmeli seçeneklerden birini yanıt vermeleri istenmiştir. Araştırmanın uygulamasına başlamadan önce Batman Üniversitesi etik kurul izni alınmıştır. Tanımlayıcı veriler yüzde, sayı ve ortalama, istatistiksel verilerde ki-kare analizi kullanılmıştır. Anlamlılık düzeyi uygulanan analizlerde 0,05 (p&lt;0,05) olarak belirlenmiştir. Araştırmaya katılan toplamda 255 kişi ankete katılmış olup, %59.8 kadın ,%55.9 lisans mezunuydu. Çalışmaya katılanların %16.4’nün kronik rahatsızlıgının oldugunu, Grip, nezle, soğuk algınlığı gibi şikâyetleriniz üzerine muayene olmadan, kendi başınıza antibiyotik kullananların oranı %15.2, Koronavirüs (COVID-19) Pandemisinde korunmak için doktor önerisi dışında vitamin ilaçlarını kullananların oranı %45.3 olarak kullandıklarını belirtmişlerdir. Araştırmaya katılanlarda COVİD 19 sürecinde akılcı olmayan ilaç kullanımı olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Evde kalan ilaçların hekime danışılmadan kullanımı, gereksiz yere hekimden ilaç talep edilmesi ve başkasının tavsiyesiyle ilaç kullanımı akılcı ilaç kullanımı önüne geçilmesine yönelik toplumda akılcı ilaç kullanım bilincinin arttırılması amacıyla sosyal politikalar, eğitimler ve araştırmalar geliştirilebilir.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Dengue Fever and Travel Health 2023-09-12T23:37:08+03:00 Hülya İncirkuş Küçük Gönül Gökçay Ayşe Çevirme <p>This review was written to discuss dunk fever and its relationship with travel health. Economic empowerment, advanced transportation networks, and diversified travel options have led to increased migration and travel worldwide. However, these travels bring along global threats of infectious diseases. The COVID-19 pandemic, in particular, is a tangible example of this risk. Turkey, in particular, hosts visitors from Russia, Iran, and Ukraine. Factors affecting travel health include an individual's health condition, travel conditions, duration, weather conditions, behaviors, access to medical services, water and foodborne illnesses, environmental factors, animal bites, accidents, and cultural differences. In the past century, due to climate change, environmental factors, and lifestyle changes, infectious diseases have been on the rise. Examples include AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, avian influenza, SARS, MERS, Ebola, Zika, Nipah, Hendra, and COVID-19. Vector-borne diseases also threaten travel health. Dengue fever is a viral disease caused by mosquitoes and is particularly common in Asia, America, and Africa. Dengue fever, one of the vector diseases, is a viral disease and, like Covid-19, is a challenging and very old disease that can spread in all regions. Travelers should take measures such as vector control, protective clothing, hygiene, and counseling. In conclusion, emphasizing travel health is of critical importance in safeguarding the health of travelers and society. Informed travel planning and precautions play a significant role in reducing the risk of infectious disease spread.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Alternative Approaches to Antimicrobials 2023-05-28T20:30:13+03:00 Buse Cagmel Turhal Ayhan Filazi <p>The extensive utilization of antibiotics over the last eighty years has rescued countless lives of individuals, accelerated technological advancement, and annihilated immeasurable quantities of microorganisms, encompassing both harmful and mutually beneficial species. Microbes associated with humans fulfill various vital roles, and we are currently only at the initial stages of comprehending the manners in which antimicrobial agents have restructured their ecological systems and the resulting functional implications of these alterations. Growing evidence indicates that antibiotics impact the performance of the immune system, our resistance to infections, and our ability to digest food. Hence, it is imperative, now more than ever, to reevaluate our antibiotic usage. In this review, we are going to summarize current research on alternative approaches to antibiotics.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Bibliometric Framework of Graduate Theses in the Field of Health Institutions Financing 2024-01-05T22:38:56+03:00 Abdullah Yıldırım İ İsa Gerekli İbrahim Bozkurt İ <p>Financing in health institutions emerges as a developing and increasing issue from the past to the present. Due to the huge budgets of health investments, studies in this field are increasing. The increase in the budgets in question increases the importance of financial managers from health institutions and many universities provide training in this field. This research was carried out to examine the situation of my postgraduate theses on the financing of health institutions from the past to the present. This research was carried out to examine the situation of my postgraduate theses on the financing of health institutions from the past to the present. The bibliometric analysis of the graduate theses on the financing of health institutions in the database of the Yüksek Öğretim Kurumları Tez Merkezi (YÖKTEZ) was carried out. In the research, based on the scanning model, the postgraduate thesis made between 1975 -2023 was reached. The data obtained because of the research were evaluated in terms of different evaluation parameters. Results in the field of financing of health institutions 53 an increase in postgraduate education and the financing of health institutions show that there are postgraduate studies published 2017 for the first time.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL Isolation of Trichomonas vaginalis and Investigation of Metronidazole Susceptibility in Patients with Vaginal Discharge 2023-08-03T12:21:45+03:00 Gönenç Çalışkantürk Fahriye Ekşi Özge Kömürcü Karuserci <p><em>Trichomonas vaginalis</em> is one of the most important vaginitis agent in the world. Metronidazole is the most frequently chosen antimicrobial agent for trichomoniasis treatment. The aim of this study to investigate the in vitro metronidazole susceptibility of <em>T. vaginalis </em>strains isolated from clinical samples.</p> <p>This study was performed with 130 female patients with vaginal discharge. Informed consent was obtained from each patient included in the study. Samples were taken from the posterior fornix of the cervix with a sterile cotton swab, were placed in trypticase-yeast extract-maltose (TYM) medium and transported to the microbiology laboratory. Firstly, the presence of trophozoites in the sample was determined with direct microscopic investigation between glass slides. If T<em>. vaginalis</em> trophozoites were detected, they were passaged to a new medium and pure <em>T. vaginalis</em> trophozoites were isolated. The metronidazole susceptibility of isolates was investigated with the microdilution method. Isolates with minimum lethal concentration (MLC) above 50 µg/mL were accepted as resistant.</p> <p>In one of all samples <em>T. vaginalis </em>was detected by direct microscopic investigation. From samples in TYM cultures, three T.<em> vaginalis</em> isolates were identified. For two of the isolated <em>T. vaginalis</em> strains, the MLC value was 1.56 μg/ml, while the other had an MLC value of 3.12 μg/ml. In light of these data, all the three <em>T. vaginalis</em> isolates were identified to be metronidazole susceptible.</p> <p>It should not be forgotten that <em>T. vaginalis</em> is an important causative agent of vaginitis.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 ICONTECH INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL